Master List: Every Google Search Operator (40) & How to Use Them

Google Advanced Search Operators - SpyFu

You might be thinking; it’s 2019, and you’re posting about Google search operators?

How’s that supposed to help a modern SEO?

But it is 2019, and Google is still the undisputed king of Search Engines. (92.92% worldwide market share as of February 2019.)

So knowing how Google works (more or less), and how to get a better ranking in the Google SERPs is what puts food on the table of 99.99% of SEO professionals.

But there are a ton of third-party tools (like ours), out there. So you may have forgotten (or never learned) how to use Google’s own advanced search operators.

You might not know you could use them to do your job more efficiently.

For example: When gauging the amount of content dedicated to a specific topic, you can quickly filter out 90% of simple mentions.

With just one advanced operator you go from 772 million results:

To a much more specific 61.5 million.

And this is just scratching the surface of the power of Google’s search operators.

Let’s dive right in.

  1. Find internal duplicate content and other indexation errors
  2. Find news results from certain sources to spice up your content
  3. Find pages that contain certain keywords
  4. Find quotes and force accurate results for long-tail keywords
  5. Find direct competitors
  6. Find original research, statistics and case studies on a certain topic
  7. Find out how Google is categorizing your site
  8. Find backlink and content opportunities
  9. Quickly gauge the competitiveness of long-tail keywords
  10. Find sites that have a specific keyword in their URL

Google Advanced Search Operators

Since you’re reading this, you probably know your way around Google already. That’s why we’ll start with the advanced.

These operators help you navigate specific websites, or narrow your search in ways most laymen don’t need to do.

Site:

Limit your search to a single site.

You can do a general search and quickly check if your indexed pages match up with your own database.

(If we use this for our own site, we see that roughly 1,490 results show up.)

Use to:

Source:

The sister operator of site. Allows you to choose a specific source in Google News. (Useful if you have to cite specific news sources when you write news pieces.)

Use to:

  • Source news pieces to reliable sites.
  • Find quotes and tidbits to spice up your content.

Intext:

Intext tells Google that you want results where the text appears in the body of the page. (If the text appears in the title, but not the body text, it won’t be returned as a result. Since it virtually functions the same as a normal Google result, there aren’t many advanced uses.

Example – intext:airpods

Allintext:

Basically the same as intext, but every word in the query has to be in the body text of a page. Otherwise, Google does not include it in results. Essentially functions as using “” quotes on individual words.

Use to:

  • Find quotes.
  • Force accurate results for long-tail keywords.

Example – allintext:airpods 2

Intitle:

Intitle tells Google that you only want results where pages include the search term in their meta title tag. This operator helps you understand how many pages target a particular search phrase.

Use to:

Example – intitle:samsung

Allintitle:

Same as intitle, but ensures every word in the query is in the title meta tag of all results.  If you sold airpods on your ecommerce site you could use this operator to find other websites that have ‘airpods’ in their titles.  This is a quick and easy way to spot your direct competition. 

(Image source)

Use to:

Inurl:

Like with Intitle & Intext, Google will only return results where the search words are included in the URL. This will often drastically reduce search volume and can be handy for finding potential direct competitors.

(Image source)

Use to:

  • Find direct competitors.
  • Filter out bad results.
  • Find backlink opportunities.

Allinurl:

All words included in the search query must be in the URL to become a result. For long search phrases, this often returns only a handful or no results at all.

Use to:

  • Filter out bad results for popular topics.

Example – allinurl:apple airpods

Filetype:

Filetype: tells Google to return only results of, you guessed it, a specific type of file. It is useful when looking for research, which is often in PDF or other document file formats, rather than HTML.

(Image source)

Use to:

  • Quickly find original research, statistics and case studies on a certain topic.

Related: is an operator that helps you find sites related to a specified URL. Using it is an illuminating look into how Google categorizes your website and your competitors.

For example, if we take a look at the results for airbnb.com, it returns the usual SEO suspects, but also some peripheral competitors for attention.

(Image source)

Obviously, Airbnb’s two biggest competitors VRBO and Homeaway made the cut, but there’s something else. A more generalist booking website is listed as well. So from that, we learn that Google understands the categorical hierarchy of SEO inside of online travel.

Use to:

  • Find competitors.
  • Understand how Google is categorizing your site.

AROUND(X)

Limit results to pages that contain search words within X words of each other. Useful for finding quotes and song lyrics you don’t quite remember, but not much else. Google will bold the phrases it thinks you are looking for, not just the search words. (Note: It defines a range with a max of X, not just X.)

(Image source)

Use to:

  • Find quotes you only vaguely remember.
  • Find official statements/case studies/research that back up a point you want to make.

Basic Search Operators

Google’s basic search operators help filter the results you get from your search.

You should be familiar with every single one of these, so consider this a review, not a lesson. (As such the descriptions will be brief and there are no screenshots to explain.)

“”

Putting your search term in quotes initiates an exact match search for that phrase. The exact words in that exact order have to be on the page or. Using it on single words excludes synonyms and related words.

Example – “Elon Musk”

AND

Google will search for results related to both/all terms that you’ve typed in the search field. Typically Google’s algorithm will correctly estimate whether it’s a phrase search or multiple separate terms, making AND mostly redundant.

Example – seo AND content

The hyphen helps you exclude words from your search queries. For example, you can search for “SEO California” but exclude “LA” if you don’t want results from that city. 

Example –  “SEO California -Los -Angeles -LA”

*

The asterisk tells Google to “fill in the blank”. Similar to the more advanced AROUND(X) but you don’t specify the max length of a phrase. Like AROUND(X) it can be useful for finding quotes and phrases.

Example – Elon * Tesla

()

Brackets group together terms or search operators to help structure an advanced search. 

Example –  allinurl: SEO (Los Angeles OR San Diego OR San Francisco).

OR / |

OR or | tells Google a certain word in the query can be interchanged for another. Typically best used with brackets like in the example above.

Example – Musk OR bezos

$ /

This operator helps you search for products by price.

Example – iPhone 8 Plus 400$

#..#

Two numbers with two dots in between tells Google to return searches for stories within that year range.

Example – ted talks 2016..2019

Google Content / Card Operators

Google and SEO sites classify these as search operators. But, they interact with Google’s own content/function and don’t necessarily trigger an internet search.

  • Define:
  • Cache:
  • Weather:
  • Stocks:
  • Map:
  • Movie:
  • In / To

They might not be useful for research purposes, but understanding is a piece of the puzzle having a holistic understanding of Google search.

The Retired! Officially Deprecated/Dysfunctional Search Operators

These search operators no longer work. Some have officially been discontinued, and others were attached to Google properties that have since been shut down.

Link:

Old school SEOs will fondly remember this one. In the past, you could use the link: operator to find pages linking to a specified URL. Google officially discontinued this operator back in 2017.

Other Deprecated Search Operators:

  • +
  • ~
  • inpostauthor:
  • allinpostauthor:
  • inposttitle:
  • info:
  • daterange:
  • phonebook:
  • #
  • blogurl:
  • inanchor:
  • allinanchor:
  • loc:placename
  • location:

Google is continually working on new things and discarding old projects. So don’t expect the list above to stay the same for very long.

They typically dispense of advanced and rarely used search operators without any prior warning at all, so make sure you get the most out of them while you still can.

Quickly Gauge Competitiveness Of Long-Tail Keywords

For over 10 years we’ve known that the long tail is actually the bigger piece of the pie.

More than 50% of searches are 3 words or longer.

60% of Google searches are made for queries that are not even in the top 1 BILLION most popular ones.

Let that sink in.

As a result, continually finding and capitalizing on the long-tail is key to the success of any SEO.

Sometimes you find yourself thinking of a keyword opportunity when you least expect it.

Maybe you’re eating lunch, or in the shower, or out in the park on a stroll.

Google makes it simple for you to gauge competitiveness for specific terms with the operator “allintitle”.

For example, let’s say you had a new content idea and you wanted to target the phrase “SEO small business San Diego”. You could quickly do an allintitle search.

(image source)

The results tell you that there are already 100 websites that have a dedicated page to this search term.

A Google search like this can be a useful indicator to quickly qualify keywords before you write them down into your content plan.

If you are looking for more complete insights into competitive metrics, SpyFu comes to the rescue..

We recently covered competitive analysis on the blog, and how you can use the tools we provide to know everything about your competition.

If you need help finding keyword ideas, we can also help with that.

Long-tail keywords are an integral part of SEO strategy, and while doing an operator qualified search is good for quick insights, it doesn’t go as in-depth as our tools.

Find Statistics & Research To Level Up Your Content

76.7 million pieces of content were published in February alone on WordPress.com blogs. That’s more than 2,7 million a day, and it’s not even the entire internet.

This simple statistic shows you the most important thing about content in 2019; there’s too much of it.

And it’s confusing the end users. Trust in online reviews decreased significantly from 2015-2018. It declined from 31% who unequivocally believed in all reviews in 2015, down to 19% in 2018.

This decline was likely caused by the incredible increase in Amazon Associates and other affiliate websites.

These sites often have fake or dubious reviews, and this has impacted the reputation of the web as a whole. Bounce rates for many sites are increasing as it gets harder to gain user trust and attention.

But you need to get it if you want to conquer the top of Google SERPs. Results in the top 3 tend to have a lower than 45% bounce rate.

There’s too much content out there, and people are suffering from information overload. And people have less trust in internet content as there is more of it and they recognize less.

Why should they read yours?

How do you pique interest and gain trust in one move?

How can you reduce bounce rates with the content itself?

Statistics from a reliable source. Borrowed trust.

When you read this section of the post, the first thing you saw was a statistic sourced to the blog giant WordPress. If anyone has reliable data on the internet and content, it’s them.

So I borrowed their trustworthiness to level up my content.

Google makes it easy to do the same for any topic.

Specify the trustworthy site you want to source research to when you search for statistics.

(image source)

You can even search through multiple sources at once using brackets and |.

(image source).

Using this combination lets you find the combination of research and source that you want.

Statistics alone are no longer enough.

A reliable, interesting statistic, however, can help take your content to the next level.

Find Glaring Indexation Errors & Other SEO Issues

In a recent SEO study, 175 million websites were checked, and they found 300 million SEO errors. Almost 10% of the sites had issues with duplicated content or canonical tags.

Translation: Most websites have SEO errors, even with increased spending on SEO and content marketing.

Even Apple has pages on HTTP despite HTTPS being an official ranking factor for crying out loud. (And indexed pages for discontinued services.)

(image source).

Sometimes the big dedicated budget can be the problem.

Because companies now have separate content teams in different departments, it can be hard to coordinate and make sure everything is up to snuff.

Even the most profitable company on the planet makes mistakes here.

If just throwing money at this issue was enough, Apple wouldn’t have it.

One easy step you can take to find and fix insecure pages is to search for “site:YOURSITE.com -inurl:https.”

That is exactly how I quickly found an HTTP page on apple.com.

(image source)

Another common issue is double indexing.

Again, the site: operator comes to the rescue.

Check for duplicate content with Google site search.

Quickly search through your site using content that often ends up getting duplicated.

Common offenders:

  • Product descriptions.
  • Case studies used on multiple pages.
  • Long CTAs with short unique content on various pages.

 

A quick search for duplicate product entries for sennheiser.com shows that they are in the clear.

(image source).

If you work with clients that have big content budgets, or large ecommerce sites, it’s important to do these kinds of checks regularly.

You can even teach non-SEO members of the team to use Google Search operators to do these kinds of tests.

That way you can effectively share the responsibility and improve the organizations SEO as a whole.

 

High-quality backlinks are still one of the most reliable ranking factors out there.

In a 2018 study, more Backlinks still had the strongest correlation with higher rankings compared to any other factor. On average, the 1st result had over 700% the number of backlinks of result 10. And over 300% the amount of referring domains.

Translation: a diverse backlink portfolio is still incredibly important in 2019.

But backlinks don’t just appear out of thin air.

Buying them isn’t an option (Google more than frowns upon this), and people don’t just hand them out for free either.

You have to do your research.

Maybe you even use some basic search operators to help you already.

But some advanced combinations can speed up your search dramatically.

If you combine intitle: with inurl: you can often eliminate 100% of the fluff from search results, and find resource/link pages that you need.

(Note: Allin operators tend not to play nicely together, so stick to in.)

Screenshot of example search on Google.

You can also quickly find authority sites who have done reviews or comparison posts that don’t include your service or product.

This can be done using a combination of OR and removing your own brand names with the hyphen -.

For example: “laptop vs (macbook OR hp OR Huawei) -dell”.

Google OR search operator example

Example search on Google.

This phrase would help an SEO or content manager at dell quickly identify opportunities in the tech blogosphere.

Of course, site: also comes in handy here, as you can check whether or not industry websites have covered your products yet.

All in all, Google is an excellent tool for this, but it can be very time consuming to do the checking and ideation manually.

SpyFu helps you identify backlink opportunities with much less sweat required.

Conclusion

While SEO tools and APIs are getting more and more sophisticated, it never hurts to go back to our roots as SEOs.

By using the Google search algorithm yourself, you get first-hand experience as a consumer, whilst also working on fixing SEO problems for yourself, or your client.

Sometimes the best ideas come to us at the worst times, and by learning to do the basics with only Google, you have the ability to instantly check & improve your SEO from the comfort of your search engine.

Still, the toolbox of SEOs needs to include more than just the operators Google provide.

If you need more than just the basics, you can try SpyFu risk-free for 30 days.

  • http://www.emarketinghacks.com/ Aziz Benhaida

    great ideas here , thanks for sharing